Main Article Content
One of the methods of joining rails is welding with termite, which guarantees a secure and stable connection of two sections of the rail without the need to use additional connecting elements and supporting the welded place. After joining (making a weld), appropriate mechanical processing of the joint is required in order to obtain the given rail head profile. The quality and diligence of the connection made has a major impact on safety, noise emission during the journey (wheel rolling) and the comfort of travelers. This article describes selected methods of making railway rail joints and presents the results of measurements with a portable laser measuring device Calipri C40 of the rail head within the welded rail joint made by thermite welding. An attempt to use this device for measurements of welded rail joints is shown, advantages and disadvantages as well as conclusions from the performed measurements are described.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Mikłaszewicz I., Siwiec J., Examination of internal stresses in welded joints of railway rails, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2019, vol. 185, 31-37. https://doi.org/10.36137/1854P
Kawiak M., Fryska S., Cracking of thermite welded tram rails, Welding Technology Review, 2016, 88, 8. https://doi.org/10.26628/wtr.v88i8.646
Kądziołka A, Thermite welding - historical outline, changes, progress, IV Ogólnopolska Konferencja Nauko-wo-Techniczna, Spawalnictwo dróg szynowych – jakość, niezawodność, bezpieczeństwo, Bochnia, 2010
Fabijański M., Kowalik P., Effect of biodegradable oil use on the mechanical properties of plastics used in the railway surface. WUT Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2020; 128, 81-88.
Bouazaoui O., Chouaf A., Characterization of Defects in Termite Welds Rails by Ultrasound Method. Procedia Engineering, 2017, vol. 181, 991-998. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.02.498
Bogdaniuk B., Towpik K., Construction, modernization and repair of railroads, Kolejowa Oficyna Wydawnicza, Warszawa, 2010
Fabijański M., Kowalik P., Naduk E.: Requirements for wood products used in railway transport, WUT Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2020; 129, 27-48. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0014.2460
Ogrodnik A., Chmielewski T. Diagnosis and sustainability assessment of boiler components made of 16Mo3 steel operating in creep conditions, Welding Technology Review, 2017, 89, 2. https://doi.org/10.26628/ps.v89i2.737
Instructions for welding rails with termite Id-5, PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A., Warszawa 2019
EN ISO 4063:2011, Welding and related processes - Names and numbers of processes.
Bałuch H., Bałuch M., Operating methods of increasing the durability of railway turnouts, CNTK, Warszawa, 2009.
Fabijański M., Research on new polyamide compositions intended for pressure pads used in elastic fixation of rails. Prace Instytutu Kolejnictwa, 2010, 144.
Klimaszewska K., Wojsyk K., Golański G.: Degradation of welded joint made of T91 steel with different addi-tional materials, Welding Technology Review, 2019, 91, 7, 55-60. https://doi.org/10.26628/wtr.v91i7.1010
Węglowski M., Chmielewski T., Kudła K., The capacity assessment of low energy speedroot welding process in PG position, Welding Technology Review, 2011, 83, 12, https://doi.org/10.26628/ps.v83i12.435
Mikłaszewicz I., Binkowski R., Cases of cracking rails in the light of FEM calculations, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2016, Vol. 172, s. 35-45.
Fabijański M., Possibility Use of Plastic Materials Recycling Used in Rail Transport, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2015, vol. 168 (58), 15-19
EN 14730-1:2017-06, Railway - Track - Thermite welding of rails – part 1: Approval of welding processes
EN 14730-2:2006, Railway - Track - Thermite welding of rails - part 2
EN 14587-1:2019-03, Railway - Infrastructure - Flash welding of new rails - part 1
Technical conditions for the execution and acceptance of welds in new railway rails, connected with stationary welders. Requirements and tests. Id-112, PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A., Warszawa 2013
EN 14587-2:2009, Railway - Track - Spark welding of rails - Część 2:
Aniszewicz A., A portable laser device for measuring geometric parameters of wheelsets, brake discs and rails, Prace Instytutu Kolejnictwa, 2020, 163, 5-9.
Koc W., Wilk A., Chrostowski P., Grulkowski S., Determination of the longitudinal forces in the rails of a non-contact track, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2014, 163, 43-65.
Stencel G., Measurement methods of the railway track used in the assessment of its durability, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2014, 165, 109-117.
Fabijański M., Properties of polyamide intended for pressure pads used in elastic fastening of rails, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2014, 165, 21-33.
Mikłaszewicz I., Manufacturing and testing of railway rail joints, Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2013, 158, 35-49.
Technical Conditions for the Construction and Acceptance of Railway Rails - Requirements and tests badania
Id-106, PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A., Warszawa 2019.
EN 13674-1+A1:2017-07, Railway applications - Track - Rail - Part 1: Vignole railway rails with a mass of 46 kg / m and above.